Yinchuan survey shows that students live with low body weight and obesity
Ningxia Yinchuan City Youth League Committee recently conducted a survey on the nutrition of primary school students, randomly selected 2,198 students from the city.
According to the survey, among these students, malnutrition and weight loss accounted for 35.
8%, overweight, obesity accounted for 12.
Seeing the results of this survey, many people have fallen into the trap: experiencing socio-economic development and improving people’s living standards. Even in rural areas, children can eat and eat well. Why is there malnutrition?
In the city, people are paying more and more attention to healthy eating, but why is the child’s physical condition still not satisfactory?
According to Guo Yang, the head of the school department of the Yinchuan Municipal Youth League Committee, the nutrition survey follows the type and economic level of the school and adopts a random selection method of multiple age groups to conduct physical examinations for three school students.A 24-hour nutritional value survey was conducted and 1,800 primary school nutrition status questionnaires were distributed in 12 schools.
Among the 2,198 students surveyed, 1102 were boys, 1096 were girls, 1,301 were rural students, and 897 were urban students.
According to the survey results, 787 of the 2,198 students had “soybean sprouts”-type malnutrition, accounting for 35.
8%, “Little Pit” 265, accounting for 12.
Among them, the detection rate of malnutrition for boys and girls was 41 respectively.
3% and 30.
3%; the detection rate of overweight or obesity for boys and girls is 15, respectively.
34% and 8.
According to the analysis of the investigation team, the development of social economy and the improvement of people’s living standards, so that the malnourished people in the students are gradually decreasing, but the malnutrition in the primary schools and the children of migrant workers in rural areas are still widespread or improved.Very few.
In fact, due to increased nutrient supplementation, reduced physical activity and a unilateral understanding of nutrition issues by parents, the “Little Pit” in urban primary schools has doubled.
In the interview, the reporter found that in rural primary schools, most of the children are thin and weak, while in urban primary schools, the chances of seeing “Little Pound” are great.
Chen Qizhong, head of the nutrition department of the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, said that a large part of the “patients” who came to the specialist for nutrition problems were parents of obese children.
The “five sins” that lead to malnutrition in students can be ground from the findings, and malnutrition and obesity have become common nutritional problems affecting students’ health.
According to relevant experts, in fact, overnutrition is also a malnutrition, so students’ health problems can be basically classified as malnutrition in a broad sense.
A comprehensive analysis by nutrition experts and investigators found “five sins” that led to malnutrition among students.
First, urban parents believe that nutrition is more money, blindly high expenditure.
Chen Qizhong said that many parents still hold the traditional concept. They simply think that the child’s nutrition problem is a problem of “complementing and not making up”, so blindly buy various nutrients and supplements for the children, which are high in occupancy but not effective.
“Parents should have primary responsibility for nutritional problems.
Second, the family income of rural and migrant workers family students nutritional status.
According to the survey report, as the income of the family increases, the average height of the students increases significantly. In terms of weight, the annual income of the family below 2000 yuan is too low, which has reached the standard of malnutrition.
In fact, students with annual household incomes offset by 2,000 yuan are generally malnourished.
Similarly, the analysis of rural children’s absorption of energy, on average absorbed 2118 kcal per day, lower than urban children.
Third, eating habits are not scientific.
According to the survey, the problem of picky eaters in urban schools is more prominent. 69% of students choose foods they like to eat, 47% prefer foods on fried foods and stalls, and eat high-energy and high-income foods.It is the main factor for the overweight of urban school-age children.
In the interview, the reporter found that this phenomenon has a tendency to spread to the countryside.
No matter which school, before and after school, students will buy food around the stalls. It is neither healthy nor safe for students to eat while walking.
Fourth, the variety is single, the nutrition is not balanced.
The scientific expectation should be to maintain a reasonable and balanced relationship between the three major nutrients of protein, trace and carbohydrate.
However, many students currently have three meals at a time, resulting in nutritional imbalances.
According to the survey, rural primary school students and urban workers have a single diet. 83% of the students basically eat bread, 74% of the students only drink porridge at night, and 61% of the students eat more than 3 kinds of vegetables every day.
This is bound to cause serious shortage of energy and nutrients in this part of the students, affecting their learning efficiency and physical development.
Fifth, food nutrition and hygiene cannot be guaranteed.
At present, the food and beverage stalls on the market are dirty, chaotic, and poor. The hygiene conditions of some small dining tables and dining stalls in front of the school are worrying.
Experts suggest that a reasonable mix of food is a key fact, and the nutrition problems of primary and secondary school students have long attracted attention.
In August 2000, the Ministry of Agriculture and other seven ministries and commissions jointly issued the “Notice on the Implementation of the “Student Retirement Milk Plan”” and jointly launched the national “Student Retirement Milk Plan”.
From 2000 to 2005, the “Student Alternative Milk Program” was promoted in 10,000 primary and secondary schools in 28 provinces, districts and cities, and the daily supply of students was 2.43 million.
At present, various kinds of “nutritional breakfast” or “nutritious lunch” have been launched all over the country. For example, Yinchuan City has piloted a free nutritious breakfast in the students of the two schools. The price of each meal per student is 2.
Around 52 yuan, provide large cakes, eggs, soy milk, Hanamaki, dairy products, etc., reasonable mix every day to improve the nutritional structure of students.
Chen Qizhong said that “student milk” and “nutritional breakfast” are good attempts, but real implementation is not easy.
He believes that parents are the key to protecting children’s nutrition. Parents are advised to change their mindset first, paying attention to their children’s academic performance, paying attention to their children’s diet and nutrition, and earnestly studying nutrition knowledge, from a layman to an expert.
Chen Qizhong said: “Citizen parents should learn to reasonably mix food for children and avoid children’s picky eating habits; rural parents do not hinder the search for reasonable substitutes because of economic conditions. For example, rural children may not have the conditions to drink milk every day, but it is cheap.Soy products can also provide enough protein and calcium for your child’s growth and development.
Chen Qizhong said that there is no bad food, only a bad match.
As long as parents can properly match their children, they can avoid malnutrition.
At the same time, experts also recommend the promotion of nutrition knowledge into the teaching of schools, the establishment of nutrition health classes, and publicity to students through a variety of forms.
Chen Qizhong said: “The “Guide to Compensation for Chinese Residents” is good. It should be promoted among students and parents.
“The lowest, the primary school nutrition status surveyer also suggested that the government strengthen the supervision of small meals and small stalls outside the school to avoid the food safety threats of primary school students.
At the same time, promote standardized nutritious meals, introduce practical support policies, promote the help of all sectors of society, and establish a “green channel” for students’ nutritious meals.