Why do men call broken sleeves and women call mirrors?
“Homosexuality” refers to a person’s sexual, psychological, emotional, and social interests. The main target is people of the same sex. Such interests are revealed by explicit behavior.
Those who develop love, sexuality, or admiration for the same sex are called homosexuals.
Although “homosexuality” is a modern term, it has actually existed in ancient China.
In ancient China, gay men were called “broken sleeves”, while lesbians were called “mirrors.”
The allusion to “broken sleeves” gradually became the Western Han Dynasty two thousand years ago.
In the two years of Jianping in the Western Han Dynasty, one day, Emperor Han Ai returned to the palace and saw a person standing in front of the temple. When he was reporting a false omission, the Emperor Ai asked casually, “Isn’t that the sacrifice Dong Xian?
“The man hoeed his head and said,” It is Xiao Xian, the little minister.
Dong Xian is the son of Yu Shi Dong Gong, who had been the prince’s housewife when Emperor Han Ai Liu Xin was still the prince.
It was at this moment that the Emperor suddenly found that after a few years of absence, Dong Xian became more and more handsome, and even more beautiful than Liugong Fandai. He couldn’t help but love him and ordered him to be a follower.
Since then he has become more and more fond of him, riding in the same car, sleeping on the same bed.
Dong Xian looks like a beautiful woman and talks and behaves like a woman. She is “sexual in nature” and “beautiful in kind.”
The deep love of the Emperor to Dong Xian can be illustrated with an example.
During a siesta, Dong Xian fell asleep on the sleeve of the Emperor.
The Emperor recalled, but couldn’t bear to wake up Dong Xian, and drew his sword to cut his sleeve.
Whenever later generations mentioned Emperor Han Ai, he said that he had the habit of “broken sleeves.”
As a result, “broken sleeves” have become synonymous with gay men.
So why are lesbians called “mirrors”?
It turned out that “sharpening a mirror” means polishing a bronze mirror.
Ancient bronze mirrors must be polished before they can be illuminated.
According to the famous Han Dynasty writer Liu Xiang’s “Mr. Lixian Chuan · Negative Bureau” records: “Mr. Negative Bureau doesn’t know who he is, the language is like the Yan Dynasty people, often loses the mirror bureau, according to Wu City, dazzle the mirror.
“Taiping Yulan · Hinei Shipin” also said: “Xu Xunzi tasted Jiang Xia Huang Gong and Huang Gong Xuan, and he was buried there. He was impoverished by his family.Get ahead.
“In Tang Dynasty poet Liu Deren’s” Gift to a Taoist “, a poem was cast:” There is no fixed employment in Chang’an City, and Dan’s mirrors are sold poorly.
“The Qing Dynasty novelist Pu Songling’s” Liao Zhai Zhi Yi · Goddess “also says,” Ask the person, but the surnames, and the mirror-polliners in the city. ”
The lesbian is called “sharpening the mirror”, which means that the two sides get a certain sexual satisfaction by rubbing or stroking each other’s body. Because they have the same body structure, they seem to be putting a mirror in the middle and rubbing.Called “polishing the lens.”
In ancient times, lesbians in the palace were the most important. Why did this happen?
A poem by the famous poet Yuan Zhen of the Tang Dynasty, Xing Gong, can be described as vividly: “The ancient palace is very rare, and the palace flowers are lonely and red.
The white-headed palace girl was here, sitting idle and talking about Xuanzong.
“In the desolate and solitary ancient palace, the red flowers blooming in the palace are just one year of spring.
However, the red-haired girl who entered the palace at that time also suffered dozens of spring and autumn in loneliness, and now she is already gray-haired.
Their youth is buried here, and their sorrowful tears flow here, and they are sighing in the face of the blooming red flowers.
They were the most beautiful women of that time.
Once skin-like, charming.
However, the only man left the three thousand beauties in disregard, with only Yang Yuhuan in his eyes.
It ‘s okay not to love, but their youthful and ruthless air-drying.
Love is a right that even animals can enjoy, but they are deprived bluntly.
Alive, the heart is surging, tenderness is like silk, but it can only be turned into water at the bottom of the ancient well. The light is dark, the moss is growing, the seasons are cold and cold, and the thick unloved sadness grows.
Until they were claustrophobic, tinged with blue silk, and sat together, talking quietly to the man in their hearts.
Such scenes, such as the red of Gong Hua and the woman with white hair, are not peaceful, but cruel.He was the protagonist of their dreams, but he fell into the tenderness of another country-loving woman and was unconscious.
If there is a glorious flatness, such a life can still make people laugh away.
Let them spread their palms into the sky and gain nothing but futility, and they have quickly aged.
”Gonghua Lonely Red”, these five words describe how profoundly thousands of women have been lonely and withered in the deep palace for thousands of years.
Sex is a natural need of human beings. Under normal circumstances, both men and women are hungry for love, marriage and sexual happiness, but this right of life for the maids is cruelly deprived.
In the harem, only the emperor and the eunuch were in contact with the palace ladies. The eunuch had no sexual ability, and there was only one emperor. How many of them could be favored by the emperor?
”Stay, long autumn nights, long nights without knowing the sky is unknown;
Spring is late, and it is difficult to sit alone in the day; Gongying Baixian is annoyed, Liang Yan is always jealous.
Gui Yan went quietly. Spring and autumn do n’t remember the year. Instead, he looks at the bright moon in the deep palace. The east and west are four or five hundred . ”
A poem by Bai Juyi, another famous poet in the Tang Dynasty, entitled” Shangyang White Haired Man “.It also fully shows the scenes of sexual loneliness and thirst for “lifetime to hospitalization” that make women intolerable.
In such a situation of sexual loneliness and distress, what should court women do?
The daring court ladies fled collectively. For example, Tang Zhongzong and Li Xian went out of the palace one year in the middle of the year to see the sun and walk around the city.
The timid palace woman only sighed and killed herself for the rest of her life, such as Mrs. Hou during the Sui Dynasty.
However, these situations are still very few after all, and most maids endure in silence, and sometimes seek some methods for progressive venting.
There are various ways of venting sex. One is to become a famous couple with the eunuch to get emotional comfort, which is called “food” or “vegetable”, and the second is “masturbation” through hands or tools.The third is to engage in homosexuality.
In fact, “Grinding the Mirror” also known as “Grinding Tofu” In the Hong Kong star Zhou Xingchi’s movie “Journey to the West”, the champion No. 1 Wu Mengda Yi Jin returned to his hometown and said to the two wives “Thank the ladies for grinding tofu.”
“The plot of the.
The ancient court ladies mostly used “sharp mirrors” to solve their sexual loneliness and sexual distress, and the folk “sharp mirrors” were no lack of people. The most “sharp mirrors” and the most advanced were the ancient nuns and Taos.
Nuns and Taos started in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and developed in Qin and Han dynasties. After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, they formed a heyday, but generally they don’t like nuns and Taos in society, because in a man-centered society, people always think that women should be at home.The waiter raises children, and becoming a monk is always “non-observant”.
In ancient China, the “three aunts and six wives” had never had a good reputation, and the 142nd mile of “A Dream of Red Mansions” said, “I said that the three aunts and six wives must be no more!
In a word, the road was broken, and the nuns and the aunts were the first of the “three aunts”. They are also the targets of men’s attacks in ancient society. In many ancient novels, the nuns and the concept of women’s Taoism have always been replaced by stealing love.In Han’s adultery places, people usually think that nuns and dauns enter ordinary people’s boudoirs either to send *** or pimp, or to engage in homosexuality.
A poem says, “Broken into the Zen forest, one’s body is unclear.
It was stormy at night, and the sound of knock was suspected.
“That is to say, the situation where female nuns have sex with men.
”Three words and two beats” is the most influential fictional novel in the Ming Dynasty. It reflects the living conditions, ideas and appreciation of the market class since the Song and Yuan dynasties.
For example, Feng Menglong’s “Awakening to the World” Volume 15 “He Daqing Hate the Badger”, Ling Chu’s “Paid Case Surprise” Volume 30 times “Scent of Life and the Battle of the Cui Fuyu” all describe the man’s entry into the Nirvana.A group of nuns dragged on, prostitutes day and night, took turns fighting, and finally died.
There are also too many folk songs and taunts, all of which laugh at monks, nuns, and female nuns, and aunts.
In fact, there are many different reasons why ancient women cut their hair to be Nirvana or Tao: One kind of people converted to the teachings sincerely, abiding by the precepts, and this life is the majority.
The other is to be forced by life. Take Nijiu and Taoism as a destination or temporary shelter. For example, some prostitutes are old or abandoned, and they have no choice but to go and become nuns and Taos.
The third type of woman is to use monks and nuns as a means of “sexual openness” and “sexual freedom”.
This reflects the proliferation of lesbianism at the time.
During the Tang and Song dynasties, aristocratic women became nuns, especially for aunts. Among them, there were heavy makeup and bright makeup, happy guests, and a few extravagant women.
“The Record of Xiangshan Mountain” contains: “The Chinese princess is the Nepalese, and more than 20 people follow the court.
The two embargoes were sent to the temple, and Chuanzhai was granted.
Biography of the order to give more poems, only Wenwen Gong Peng Qiaonian still has reporter cloud.
“And” Liu Ting Poetry “also recorded:” Li Yishan’s poem “Bicheng” three, Princess Gai Yong into the Tao also.
Princess Tang, please be a monk.
At the same time, Yishan, such as Wen’an, Liyang, Pingliang, Shaoyang, Yongjia, Yong’an, Yichang, Ankang successively begged as women Taoist priests, set their sights outside, and were quite unsafe.
The words “Building a view from the outside and being quite defensive” indicate the essence of the problem.
The princesses live in the palace. After all, it is inconvenient to be “sexually free.” As a female aunt outside the palace, the situation is different.
Tang Xuanzong saw Yang Yuhuan, his daughter-in-law, and was willing to accept her as a concubine. In order to conceal her eyes and eyes, she was sent to Taoist Temple to become a female priest, with the Taoist title “Yu Zhen”. In addition, women and women’s crowns traveled all over the country. Access to the palace and the people’s house were relatively free and convenient, and access to women was more unrestricted, which created favorable conditions for their sexual activities.
“Eating and drinking men and women, people have the desire to save”, some female nuns and female aunts are unavoidable, and romantic female Taoists like Yu Xuanji are by no means individual.
In addition to heterosexuality, there is more homosexuality, and society is more tolerant of lesbianism, because it does not damage the marriage and family, it is not “out of step”, and it does not affect the bloodlines of children.
Of course, it will not be considered a “good thing”. Tao Zongyi of the Yuan Dynasty believed that female nuns, female aunts, etc. could not enter the woman’s boudoir at will to prevent chaos. Its main meaning is to prevent lesbians from happening.
If it is said that court women, female nuns, and female aunts, because they have less access to men, use homosexuality as a form of sexual venting, then this is actually restricted by the relationship between men and women. Lesbians are a last resort.For this reason, this is the so-called “sexual homosexuality” of modern sexuality science. If the environment allows them to have extensive contact with men, they will be “conformity”, “returning vulgarity” and “marrying their spouse”.
However, the homosexuality of some folk women is affected by psychological changes and traditional customs, and it is completely voluntary. This kind of homosexuality is inevitable.